Why Do People Get Depressed?
People of every age, economic situation, and even race are affected by depression. While depression is normal, some individuals get depressed, especially adolescents, but others do not. About why?
Many factors affect when a person gets depressed. Biology, stuff like our genes, brain chemistry, and hormones, are some of them. Some are locations, like daylight and seasons, or social and family circumstances that we face. And some are personalities, such as how we react to events in life or the support structures, we build for ourselves. All of these items can help shape whether a person gets depressed or not.
Research indicates that in communities, depression works. Some individuals inherit genes that lead to depression. But not everybody who has a troubled family member can develop it too. And many people still get depressed with no family history of depression. So, one element is genes, but they’re not the only source of depression.
Chemicals called neurotransmitters help send signals between nerve cells in the brain (pronounced: nur-oh-TRANZ-mit-urs). Any mood-regulating neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters might be in low supply or not efficient enough when a person is depressed.
It is possible to relate genes and brain chemistry: having the genes for depression can make the neurotransmitter issue that is part of depression more likely for a person.
Stress, Hormones, and Wellbeing
Things such as stress, alcohol or drug use and hormone fluctuations also influence the delicate chemistry and mood of the brain.
Depression-like symptoms can trigger some health conditions. For instance, in certain individuals, hypothyroidism is known to trigger a depressed mood. Mono is able to drain the energy of a human. The depression-like symptoms usually vanish when health problems are diagnosed and treated by a doctor.
Having enough sleep and daily exercise also has a positive influence on the behaviour and mood of the neurotransmitter.
Seasons and Daylight
Daylight affects how melatonin and serotonin are produced in the brain. Such neurotransmitters help control the sleep-wake cycles, energy and mood of a person. The brain produces more melatonin as there is less daylight. The brain makes more serotonin as there is more daylight.
In fall and winter, shorter days and longer hours of darkness can lead the body to have more melatonin and less serotonin. This imbalance is what causes certain individuals to suffer from depression, a condition known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Light exposure can help boost the mood of individuals affected by SAD.
Sometimes the loss of a member of a family, neighbour, or pet goes beyond natural sadness and leads to depression. Depression may be caused by other stressful life events, such as when parents split, separate, or remarry.
Whether or not difficult life conditions contribute to depression will rely a great deal on how well a person can cope, remain optimistic, and receive help.
Family and social milieu
A negative, stressful, or unhappy family environment may lead to depression for some individuals. Other living conditions of high stress, such as poverty, homelessness, or crime, may also contribute. It leaves some people feeling lonely, victimised, or insecure to cope with bullying, abuse, or peer pressure.
Situations like these do not inherently contribute to depression, but it may be easier to become depressed by facing them without relief or support.
Reacting to circumstances in life
Life is full of riddles. Replete with ups and downs. Stress, hassles, and losses happen (but not too much, hopefully). How we respond to the challenges of life matters a lot. The outlook of a person can lead to depression, or it can help protect against it.
Research suggests that even for people who have the genes, brain chemistry, or life factors that place them at risk for developing it a positive attitude serves as defense against depression. The reverse is also true: individuals who appear to think more negatively may be at greater risk of developing depression.
We can’t regulate our genes, brain chemistry, or any of the other factors that lead to depression. Yet we have power of how we perceive things and how we cope with them.
Making an effort to think positively helps ward off depression, such as thinking that there is a way around any problem. It also builds coping strategies and a supportive relationship support system. These factors help create resilience (the consistency that helps individuals, even in tough circumstances, bounce back and do well).
Here are Three Ways to Build Resilience:
As a daunting and natural part of life, strive to think of transition. If a question arises, take steps to fix it.
Remind yourself that there are temporary and solvable setbacks and issues. Nothing forever remains.
Build a framework of assistance. Ask for support (or just a shoulder to sob on from friends and family when you need it. Offer to provide assistance when they need it. This form of give and take builds powerful relationships that help people survive the storms of life. Being happy and resilient isn’t a golden shield that protects us from depression automatically. But these attributes can help to compensate for the other variables that may lead to trouble.
So, no matter how hard it seems, always remember that there is light after the end of the tunnel. Life is a gift, cherish it!